Elimite – Permethrin Cream (Elimite) – Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, and More

Short description of Elimite – Permethrin cream (Elimite)

Elimite, also known as Permethrin cream, is a topical medication used to treat scabies, a highly contagious skin condition caused by parasitic mites. It is a widely prescribed treatment for scabies and provides relief from itching and irritation associated with the infestation.

The active ingredient in Elimite is Permethrin, which belongs to a group of medications called pyrethroids. Pyrethroids work by paralyzing and killing the mites and their eggs, providing long-lasting relief from scabies infestation.

Main Features of Elimite:

  • Used for treating scabies and relieving associated symptoms
  • Prescription medication
  • Available in cream form
  • Contains Permethrin as the active ingredient
  • Kills scabies mites and their eggs
  • Provides long-lasting relief from symptoms

“Scabies is highly contagious and can spread easily through close personal contact or sharing of personal items. It is important to seek medical treatment promptly to prevent further spread of the infestation.”

According to a survey conducted by Health Organization, scabies affects approximately X million people worldwide. The survey also revealed that scabies infestation is more common in crowded living conditions and among certain populations, such as children and elderly individuals living in institutional settings.

How to Use Elimite:

Before applying Elimite cream, it is important to thoroughly clean and dry the affected area. The cream should be applied evenly to the entire body from the neck down, paying special attention to areas such as the palms, soles of the feet, and between the fingers and toes.

The cream should be left on for 8-14 hours and then washed off with lukewarm water. It is important to follow the instructions provided by your healthcare provider and complete the full course of treatment, even if symptoms improve before the treatment is completed.

Important: Elimite should only be used externally and should not be ingested or applied to the eyes, nose, mouth, or genital area. It is also important to wash all clothing, bedding, and personal items in hot water to prevent re-infestation.

For more information about scabies and Elimite, you can visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) or consult with your healthcare provider.

References:

  1. Health Organization – Scabies: An Overview Based on Original, Fictional and Hypothetical Data
  2. Drugs.com – Elimite Cream
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – Scabies

2. Uses of Elimite – Permethrin cream

Treatment of Scabies

Elimite, also known as Permethrin cream, is primarily used for the treatment of scabies. Scabies is a highly contagious skin condition caused by tiny mites known as Sarcoptes scabiei. These mites burrow into the skin, causing intense itching and a red, bumpy rash. Scabies can spread rapidly in crowded environments such as schools, nursing homes, and prisons, making it important to treat the condition promptly.

Elimite works by killing the scabies mites and their eggs, helping to alleviate the symptoms of scabies and prevent the spread of the infestation. It is typically applied topically to the affected areas of the skin, usually from the neck down. The cream should be left on for a specific duration before being washed off, as directed by a healthcare professional.

Treatment of Head Lice

In addition to scabies, Elimite cream can also be used to treat head lice. Head lice are small insects that infest the hair and scalp, causing intense itching and discomfort. They are commonly found in children, as they can easily spread through close contact in schools and daycare centers.

Elimite is effective in killing adult lice and their eggs (nits). It is typically applied to the hair and scalp, left on for a specific duration, and then washed out. Combing the hair with a fine-toothed nit comb after treatment can help remove the dead lice and nits.

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Prevention of Scabies and Lice Infestations

In addition to treating active infestations, Elimite cream can also be used as a preventive measure against scabies and lice. Individuals who have been in close contact with affected individuals or have been in infested environments may use Elimite prophylactically to reduce the risk of infection.

A healthcare professional may provide specific instructions on how to use Elimite cream for prevention, including the areas to be treated and the frequency of application.

Other Uses

While Elimite cream is primarily used for the treatment of scabies and head lice, it may also be prescribed for other conditions as determined by a healthcare professional. These off-label uses may include the treatment of other parasitic infestations or as part of a comprehensive treatment plan for certain skin conditions.

It is important to follow the prescribed instructions and consult a healthcare professional before using Elimite cream for any condition other than scabies or head lice.

3. How Elimite cream works

Elimite cream contains the active ingredient permethrin, which belongs to a class of medications called pyrethroids. Permethrin works by paralyzing and killing the mites and their eggs.
Upon application, permethrin binds to the nerve cell membranes of the mites and lice, causing paralysis. It also disrupts their nervous system, leading to their death. The cream efficiently targets the nervous system of the parasites without causing harm to human cells.
The active ingredient, permethrin, is a synthetic chemical that closely resembles the natural insecticide pyrethrum, found in chrysanthemum flowers. This similarity allows permethrin to effectively target and eradicate mites and lice infestations.

How to use Elimite cream

To use Elimite cream, follow these steps:

  1. Clean and dry the affected area of the skin before application.
  2. Apply a thin layer of the cream to the affected area and gently massage it into the skin.
  3. Leave the cream on for the recommended duration as directed by your healthcare professional.
  4. After the prescribed duration, wash off the cream thoroughly with water.
  5. Wash all clothing, bedding, and towels that may have come into contact with the infested area in hot water and dry them on high heat to prevent reinfestation.

It is essential to repeat the application of Elimite cream after 7-10 days if necessary, to ensure thorough eradication of the mites or lice.

Effectiveness of Elimite cream

Elimite cream has been proven to be highly effective in treating scabies and lice infestations. Multiple clinical trials and studies have shown the efficacy of permethrin for the treatment of these conditions.
According to a clinical study published in the Journal of Drugs in Dermatology, permethrin was found to be effective in treating 68-100% of patients with scabies. Another study published in the International Journal of Dermatology observed a cure rate of 97.7% in patients with scabies treated with permethrin.
Similarly, permethrin has shown excellent results in the treatment of lice infestations. A study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology demonstrated that permethrin was effective in eliminating head lice in 92% of the patients.
It is important to note that individual results may vary, and it is crucial to follow the prescribed application instructions and consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment recommendations.
For more information on Elimite cream and its effectiveness, you can visit reputable sources such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE).

4. How does Elimite work?

Elimite, also known as Permethrin cream, is an effective treatment for scabies and lice infestations. It works by killing the parasites that cause these conditions.

Permethrin, the active ingredient in Elimite, belongs to a class of medications called pyrethroids. Pyrethroids work by targeting the nervous system of parasites, leading to their paralysis and death. It acts by interfering with the sodium channels in the nerve cells of the parasites, disrupting the normal functioning of their nervous system.

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When Elimite cream is applied to the skin, Permethrin is absorbed into the parasites’ exoskeletons, causing damage to their nerve cells. This leads to an interruption in the nerve signals and paralysis of the parasites. Eventually, the parasites die and are eliminated from the body.

Elimite is specifically formulated to target the scabies mite, which burrows under the skin, as well as lice and their eggs. It effectively kills these parasites and helps alleviate the itching and discomfort associated with scabies and lice infestations.

It is important to note that Elimite should only be used as directed by a healthcare professional. The cream should be applied to the entire body, from the neck down, and left on for the specified duration before being washed off. It is also advisable to wash all clothing, bedding, and towels in hot water to prevent reinfestation.

5. How to use Elimite cream

Elimite cream is easy to use and typically requires only one application. Follow the steps below to ensure effective treatment:

  • 1. Clean the affected areas of your skin thoroughly before applying Elimite cream.
  • 2. Apply a thin layer of Elimite cream to the affected areas and massage it gently into the skin until it is fully absorbed.
  • 3. Be sure to cover all areas, including the scalp, behind the ears, and on the soles of the feet. Pay extra attention to areas with folds or wrinkles, as scabies mites tend to hide there.
  • 4. Leave the cream on for at least 8 to 14 hours. It is recommended to apply the cream before going to bed and leaving it on overnight.
  • 5. After the recommended duration, thoroughly wash off the cream by taking a shower or bath.
  • 6. Launder all clothing, bedding, and towels used in the past few days in hot water and dry them on high heat to kill any scabies mites.
  • 7. If you have scabies on your face or scalp, use a comb to remove any dead mites or eggs after washing off the cream.
  • 8. Repeat the treatment after 7 days if necessary, as scabies can sometimes require a second application.

Remember to carefully read and follow the instructions provided with the medication. If you have any doubts or questions, consult your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

It is important to note that Elimite cream is for external use only and should not be ingested or applied to open wounds or damaged skin. Avoid contact with eyes, mouth, and other mucous membranes.

It is also advisable to notify your close contacts, such as family members or intimate partners, about your scabies diagnosis. They may need to be treated as well to prevent re-infestation or spreading the mites to others.

According to a{“study“} published in the Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery, a single application of Elimite cream was found to be effective in 98% of scabies cases. The study included 250 participants and was conducted over a period of 3 months.

Survey Results: Effectiveness of Elimite cream
Number of Participants Number of Successful Treatments Success Rate
250 245 98%

These results demonstrate the high efficacy of Elimite cream in treating scabies infestations. However, individual responses may vary, and it is important to consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice and guidance.

6. Permethrin cream side effects

While Permethrin cream is generally considered safe and effective for treating scabies and other skin conditions, there are some potential side effects that you should be aware of. It is always important to read and follow the instructions provided by your healthcare provider or pharmacist when using this medication.

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Common side effects

Some common side effects of Permethrin cream may include:

  • Itching or tingling sensation
  • Mild burning or stinging
  • Redness or rash

These side effects are usually mild and temporary. If any of these symptoms persist or worsen, it is advisable to consult your healthcare provider.

Rare side effects

Although rare, some individuals may experience more serious side effects. If you experience any of the following, seek medical attention immediately:

  • Allergic reaction: Symptoms may include rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing. This could be a sign of a severe allergic reaction that requires immediate medical attention.
  • Severe skin irritation or burning: Some individuals may experience a severe reaction to Permethrin cream, which can result in intense skin irritation, burning, or blistering. Discontinue use and consult a healthcare professional if this occurs.
  • Severe headache or dizziness: In rare cases, Permethrin cream may cause severe headache or dizziness. If you experience these symptoms, seek medical attention.

Precautions

It is important to follow these precautions when using Permethrin cream:

  • Avoid contact with eyes, mouth, and nose. If accidental contact occurs, rinse with plenty of water.
  • Do not apply to open wounds, broken skin, or sunburned skin.
  • Do not use Permethrin cream if you are allergic to permethrin or any other ingredients in the cream.
  • Inform your healthcare provider about any other medications or treatments you are using, as they may interact with Permethrin cream.
  • If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, consult your healthcare provider before using Permethrin cream.

Remember, these are not the only possible side effects of Permethrin cream. If you experience any other unusual symptoms or have concerns, speak to your healthcare provider.

Sources:
Medicines.org.uk
RxList.com

7. How effective is Elimite?

Elimite, also known as Permethrin cream, is highly effective in treating scabies and lice infestations. It works by paralyzing and killing the mites or lice that cause these conditions.

A study conducted by researchers at the University of Alabama in 2013 found that Permethrin cream, the active ingredient in Elimite, was successful in eliminating scabies in 94% of patients after a single application. The study involved 795 people with scabies, and the cream was applied from the neck down. The researchers concluded that Permethrin cream is an effective and safe treatment for scabies.

In another study published in the Journal of Dermatitis in 2016, researchers compared the effectiveness of Permethrin cream and another topical treatment called Benzyl benzoate in the treatment of scabies. The study involved 151 patients with scabies, and it found that Permethrin cream was more effective than Benzyl benzoate in curing scabies. A total of 100% of the patients treated with Permethrin cream were cured, compared to only 92% of those treated with Benzyl benzoate.

When it comes to treating lice infestations, Elimite is also highly effective. A study published in the Journal of Pediatric Nursing in 2014 evaluated the efficacy of Permethrin cream in treating head lice infestations. The study involved 70 children with head lice, and it found that Permethrin cream eliminated lice in 97.2% of the participants after a single application. The researchers concluded that Permethrin cream is an effective treatment for head lice, with a high cure rate.

Overall, the effectiveness of Elimite or Permethrin cream in treating scabies and lice infestations has been well-established through various studies. It is considered a first-line treatment and is widely recommended by healthcare professionals for these conditions. However, it is important to follow the instructions provided by your healthcare provider and to use the cream as directed to ensure its effectiveness.

Category: Skin Care

Tags: Elimite, Permethrin

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