Nervous and Bronchial Asthma: Symtoms and Treatment
Symptoms observed at nervous asthma are the same as at bronchial. They are the same bronchospasm, profuse sweating, choking cough attacks, weakness in the whole body, fear.
Asthma on the nervous background is considered by doctors as the asthma-like condition. It is completely curable if properly determine the reason, caused it, and take all measures for its elimination.
Probably there is no such person, who has not heard words such as asthma and asthmatic. Far from this disease people imagine it in the form of instant coughing, difficulties with breathing, panting. According to many, asthma is a problem for the whole life.
Those who are familiar with the disease, are adjusting to life with it, trying to subdue this disease, not to submit. At bronchial asthma patients experience dyspnea, coughing, rattling noises. This happens because bronchial tubes constrict.
The disease is very common among all social strata. It affects people of all ages, but most of all children.
At most people, asthma is of mild severity. Such patients obtain minimal treatment. The modern medicine contains in its arsenal enough effective means, so death rate from asthma is constantly decreasing, and disease aggravation becomes less dangerous, as it was previously.
But not all patients get proper treatment. This happens for various reasons: lack of responsibility at patients (non-compliance with attending doctor’s recommendations, refused treatment, etc.), lack of medical attention to patients. Medical ignorance of people plays a significant role, many are not aware of modern methods of treatment that can successfully control patient’s state.
There are 4 asthma forms:
- allergic – the most common, develops as a reaction to some substances (dust, chemicals, etc.);
- nervous – develops on the nervous background caused by various life situations;
- bronchial – arises because of bronchial constriction caused by strong secret appearance therein;
- cardiac – this form of asthma cause is problems with heart activity, resulting in panting.
Bronchial asthma, like any other, has 4 degrees of severity:
- episodic (minor);
- constant (mild);
- moderately severe;
The doctor, determining disease severity degree, relies on certain indicators:
- how many attacks there have been on average during the night during one week;
- how many attacks there have been on average during one day during one week;
- how quiet patient’s sleep is;
- expiratory volume and rate;
- how much indicators vary per day.
Symptoms of an asthma form include stridulous breathing, audible at a considerable distance, a strong, suffocating cough, totally unreasonable panting.
In medicine, there is a concept – psychosomatic disorders. This is a state when stress becomes the cause of a particular disease. At one patient transferred stress leads to depression, at other – to a specific internal organ or several organs disease. According to statistics, more than half of all asthma cases are connected with psychosomatic conditions.
Current diagnostic methods detect asthma on the stage of respiratory tract changes (bronchi and lungs). Tests are carried out to clarify allergen, causing disease development, examine released sputum, check breathing function, tests with loads and so on are conducted.
The doctor is able to suspect that asthma develops on the nervous background according to some signs. He examines a number of factors: how and when the first attack happened, what severe events occurred in patient’s life. If a test for allergens didn’t detect any, then the asthma-like condition is also suspected. Another feature – patient register asthma symptoms (coughing, panting, etc.) at the very moment, when he is nervous.
Nervous asthma treatment is long-term. Anti-asthmatic has applied drugs together with an antidepressant, tranquilizing, neuroleptic agents. What medicines are prescribed by a doctor, depends on patient’s personality.
Any asthma changes patient and his character. Living in anticipation of the next attack, a person experiences fear of death from suffocation. This leads to the fact that patient is in constant anxiety. He becomes irritable, sensible and suspicious. Close people should help a patient to overcome these difficulties, to learn how to treat the disease more calmly.
Why do People Suffer from Asthma?
The causes of asthma are studied to this day. It is believed that disease development is influenced by both external and internal factors (this includes various diseases of internal organs). Most frequently both these factors act together.
Asthma risk groups include:
- people with genetic predisposition to the disease;
- women suffering from asthma are greater by almost 2-fold than men;
- being overweight, a person has a risk of asthma;
- highly allergic individuals, both household and professional.
Smoking (passive, in particular), frequent colds, pollution, a poor diet can be distinguished among external factors. The reasons for asthma attacks can include overpopulated cities, living in concrete houses with non-breathable lining facades.
It is possible that no single factor is the cause of the disease. They may be several as well. In this case, the doctor diagnoses mixed variant of the disease.
Identifying disease causes is of great importance for doctors because a method of treatment choice depends on it. Defining asthma causative agent not only can relieve attacks but in some cases prevent their occurrence.
Diagnostics and Treatment
Doctors do not experience many difficulties in diagnostics. Patient survey and conventional examination are enough. For confirmation examination on spirograph is conducted. This procedure is simple and inexpensive, as a result of which the doctor receives information about bronchi ventilation.
Asthma treatment consists of several important points. Patient must exclude all products that can cause an allergic reaction. The patient also needs to get rid household allergens. They can be identified at doctor’s appointment.
Treatment basis is the use of drugs containing hormones. Some patients are afraid to take them, and therefore, refuse to take or independently try to reduce dosage the doctor has prescribed. Patients shouldn’t do so as hormones, getting into an epicenter of disease, reduce its manifestations. If a patient is not taking medication, he is sure to get to the hospital with disease exacerbation. And there he will still have to undergo appropriate treatment.
Besides hormonal drugs, means for bronchi expansion are also used. These are beta-adrenergic agonists, inhibitors and others. Which medications and in which dosage to take, can be determined only by attending physician.
Bronchial asthma with appropriate healthcare treatment has no complications, and if there are any – they are minor.
For example, long-term disease treatment can lead to pulmonary emphysema.
Asthma treatment forecast is quite favorable in many cases. The patient needs to do only one thing – carry out all doctor’s prescriptions.
Prevention of the disease is simple. You should avoid external risk factors: tobacco smoke, allergens. Internal factors patient is not able to influence.